Sofara - MALI
"The seasons are gradually shifting. We have less and less rain, the desert is advancing, and we are feeling the rise of the temperature. But the problem is not only that... With the conflict, we are facing flows of displaced people. There is now real competition for water and arable land. Our soils are also being poor and poor by the extensive use of pesticides and fertilizers. All of this this exacerbates the conflicts between communities."
12 FAMILIES | 10 YEARS | 3 GENERATIONS
We follow 12 families scattered around the globe who are directly impacted by the effects of climate change. Through their stories and an analysis of the social, economic and political dynamics, we try to gain a better understanding of the effects of climate change on our daily lives, and our capacities of resilience and adaptation.
By 2050, we estimate that around 200 million people in the world will be directly affected by climate change" IOM
The conclusions of scientific studies into the climate are indisputable: global warming of more than 2°C by the end of the century would have a catastrophic effect on the environment and on human activities as a whole.
Since 2008, 26 million people per year on average have had to leave their home because of the degradation of their environment and natural disasters. This is three times more than migration caused by conflicts in the world. Millions of people are left destitute and end up forced to change their lives because of rising water levels, long recurrent droughts, soil acidity, the melting of the polar ice, soil depletion and pollution, and local weather events.
It cannot reasonably be assumed that climate change is the only cause of current and future migratory movements.
What is certain, on the other hand, is that environmental stress has a significant catalysing effect on other political, economic, social, demographic and security factors which cause movements of people.
We can now clearly demonstrate the link between migratory movements and the effects of climate change on the ecosphere.
All of these factors are categorically interdependent.